Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary
In Response To: Mary Mary ()

The missing eye of the "Nefertiti Bust" is sometimes mentioned, but generally it has been assumed that the work of art was simply not yet finished. This no longer seems to be an adequate explanation. One now wonders whether the statue was intended for the purpose of sympathetic magic/healing, that is, an attempt to transfer the disease from the queen to the statue.

The "Elder Lady" mummy is almost certainly Queen Tiye. I don't have any opinion or insight into the other two mummies.

Tiye is referred to in the Exodus account as Zipporah, while Nefertiti is called Miriam. Miriam became leprous (presumably along with Aaron). Num. 12:10 Aaron "prayed" for Miriam, but she eventually died anyway and went unmourned. Aaron and other priests no doubt prayed for many people. Perhaps prayers for Queen Tiye were more effective. Leprosy was apparently epidemic among the royal family during the Amarna Period, perhaps even more so than among the general populace.

The name Meret-Neit ("Beloved of the Goddess Neit") is less likely to have been applied to the Aten-Queen, Nerfertiti. The goddess Neit can however be associated with Flood and Exodus, so perhaps this was an apt role model for Tiye, who became "Queen of Exodus" during the Amarna Period. In the early Old Kingdom, there was also a queen named Mer-Neit. Neit is further considered the mother of "Egyptian Heracles" (Horus, archetypal Joshua). Tut is most definitely Joshua II, as he was the younger son of Akhenaten (Moses II). And Queen Tiye was most definitely his mother (as well as grandmother).

While we're on the subject of blindness, the "blind prophet" Amenhotep-son-of-Hapu is generally ignored because he is a figure of legend rather than archaeology. Hapu/Hapy was a Nile god and associated with Ptah/Joseph. As we know, Aanen (Aaron II/Manasseh) was the son of Yuya ("Joseph") and Tuya. In fulfillment of his typecasting as the "Shem" of his generation, Aanen tried to establish his own dynasty in Egypt. As with his archetype, Shem-re/Shomer of the early Old Kingdom, Aanen was beat down by one or more of his rivals. His son, the young Thutmose V, was put to death and Aanen went into hiding/disgrace. This is the basis of the legend of Amenhotep-son-of-Hapu. Later on in his career, Aanen made a full comeback, but would not make a serious play for the throne again.

For a more complete discussion see:
(beginning with the section, "Reuben, Savior of the Savior Joseph" to the end of the chapter)

Here are other relevant excerpts about the Shem type.

"... immediately after Noah there was another righteous figure, Shem, variously called Shomer in the Bible. These Hebrew names were adapted from those of a prominent prince of the early Old Kingdom in Egypt variously called Semerkhet and Shem-Re."

(From archaeology we learn that the holdings of Shem-Ra in Egypt were violently attacked. He would not be able to establish his dominance and dynasty there, although he was more successful in Mesopotamia.)

"The title Shemrei, Keeper (of the Covenant), so prevalent in the DSS, is also obviously related to the Shem archetype. Other princes who assumed his identity/role within the royal family were Amenemhet IV (a.k.a. Aaron I) of the Middle Kingdom; Prince Amenemhet/Meryre (a.k.a. Merari) of the early 18th Dynasty; Aanen (a.k.a. Aaron II/Manasseh II) of the late 18th Dynasty; and Ramses-Tefnakhte/Setnakhte (a.k.a. Stephanites/Zadok) of the late New Kingdom."

"Shem was the heir apparent to the dominant line of Shu-Enlil, which included Osiris-Dumuzi and Thoth-Shamash."

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