Sampsigeramus & Germanicus
In Response To: Jsus, prtre-roi d'Emse ()


It should be possible to make additional associations with careful study and comparison. For example, the deaths of Izates and Aziza in 54 AD are perhaps not coincidental, as you say, nor the death of Marcus Junius Silanus in that same year. The name Silus/Silas is also linked to the dynasty of Aziza in Emesa.

The following web site has a convenient listing of the various kings of Cappadocia, Commagene, Emesa/Homs, Edessa/Osrhoene, and others:

If Izates did in fact die in 54 AD, then he could not have been one and the same as Aristobulus III ("Jesus Christ"), who seems to have finally given up the ghost in 64 AD. I think it is still possible however that Aristobulus was called Izates at Emesa and that he has been composited with the Izates that died in 54 AD. Kings such as Mithradates VI of Pontus were probably also a composite of a father and son (predecessor and successor by the same name).

Josephus speaks of another Aristobulus (brother of Herod of Chalcis and Herod Agrippa) that married Jotape daughter of Sampsigeramus king of Emesa. They in turn had a daughter also called Jotape. Perhaps this Jotape then married Alexander the son of Alexander/Tigranes II. If so, then Aristobulus (brother of Herod of Chalcis and Herod Agrippa) was one and the same as Antiochus king of Commagena.

And who might Sampsigeramus have been within the extended royal family? Sampsi recalls Vipsanius and Salampsio. Geramus certainly sounds like Germanicus, but the Samsigeramus in question is believed to have ruled at Emesa from 11 BC until 42 AD. That is a rather long time and indicates that we may be dealing with a composite again. In other words, perhaps Germanicus was eventually replaced as king of Emesa by one of his sons (Nero, Drusus, and/or Caligula), who also assumed his local name.

Germanicus died of a fever in 19 AD and at about the same age as Alexander the Great when he succumbed to fever. Tiberius Casesar had allowed Germanicus to tour the East and Egypt ala Alexander the Great as part of orchestrating his death. The thrones of two other regions were vacated about this same time. Archelaus king of Cappadocia and Antiochus III, both died about 17 AD. It has already been concluded here (in other discussions) that Archelaus was the Herodian name of Germanicus.

We still have to be cautious about dates of death. As we have seen, deaths were often faked during this period. But the disappearance of a ruler was not always a sign of death or disgrace. A provincial reign could also end upon promotion to greater kingship elsewhere. In absence of evidence to that effect, historians may have mistakenly assumed that this prince/king died at that time.

Narnie de la Nerva

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