Forum

Junius, Jannaeus, and John

The Hasmonean line was supposedly carried on through the two sons of Hasmonean Mariamne, Alexander and Aristobulus. The sons of Alexander by his wife Glaphyra/Mariamne IV were however produced (posthumously) for him by Antipater son of Herod the Great.

www.domainofman.com/forum/index.cgi?read=4320

From Glaphyra/Mariamne IV the Roman house of Piso (to be discussed later) was carried forward.

The second son of Hasmonean Mariamne, Aristobulus, was married/betrothed to Berenice (Domitia Lepida/Aemillia Lepida) daughter of Salome (Antonia Major) and Costobarus (L. Domitius Ahenobarbus). Aristobulus died while still a teenager, therefore other fathers must be sought for the many children of Berenice. By custom, sons especially would have been raised up for him (posthumously) to carry on his half of the Hasmonean line.

Seven prospective fathers can be identified for Berenice's brood. Aemillia Lepida was first betrothed to the future emperor Claudius. However, their engagement did not lead to formal marriage, perhaps due to infertility rather than the scandal of Aemillia's adoptive mother Julia the Younger. Aemillia was subsequently married to Drusus son of Germanicus. Although Drusus fell from favor, he later recovered under the name Vespatian. His two sons, Titus and Domitian, are considered those by Flavia Domitilla, perhaps an alias of Domitia Lepida.

Two lesser known husbands must also be considered. The first is Faustus Cornelius Sulla. By him Domitia Lepida became mother to a son, Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix (consul of 52). Felix became husband of Claudia Antonia the daughter of Claudius Caesar and his second wife Aelia Paetina.

Domitia Lepida was also married to the little known Marcus Valerius Messala Barbatus. However, Valerius is probably an alias of Tiberius Caesar, the family's leading "Judah". Valerius was much earlier the epithet of Marcius, a famous Roman tyrant of the Judah type. See:

www.domainofman.com/forum/index.cgi?read=4140
www.domainofman.com/forum/index.cgi?read=4220

Aemillia Lepida II (considered a cousin of the above mentioned Aemillia Lepida, but probably one and the same) was married to Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus. The epithet Torquatus (or Tarquitius/Tarquitus) was associated with the former tyrant of Rome Tarquin, the rival brother of Valerius/Ancus Marcius. In Mesopotamian history, this duo corresponds to Sennacherib and Taharqa.

www.domainofman.com/forum/index.cgi?read=4137

Within the family of Herod, the name Junius corresponds to Jannaeus or John, a Greek form of Hanan/Joktin/Issachar. The primary Herodian Issachar was Herod Phillip. His younger half-brother Herod Phillip II ("John the Baptist") was, in fulfillment of earlier family history, sired as a sacrificial substitute for him.

Josephus is coy regarding the elder Herod Phillip. In contrast to Tiberius/Gurion (whom Josephus likely suppresses more out of dislike), Phillip is acknowledged as a good man, but made the husband of the infamous Herodias mother of Salome (who danced for the head of John the Baptist). Herodias was the only daughter (recorded by Josephus) of Berenice. She appears however to have been fathered by Tiberius/Gurion rather than by Herod Phillip. If so, then the main Roman identity of Herodias is as the equally infamous Valeria Messalina.

Herodian Berenice is given three sons, Herod of Chalcis, Aristobulus, and the youngest, Agrippa I. These would logically correspond to Decimus Junius Silanus (the Elder), Lucius Junius Silanus (deprived 49 AD), and Marcus Junius Silanus (consul of 46 AD, deprived 54 AD), and . Lepida was also the mother of Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix, which may be an alias of one of the above Junius princes. The name Silanus probably is a claim of inheritance from Cornelius Sulla Felix the dictator (82-79 BC).

Herod Agrippa I supposedly died in 44 AD after a public show of divinity. It is possible that this exhibition was perceived as a threat by Claudius, which led to his removal (but not literal death, at least not immediately).

During this time period there was in Rome "the evil prosecutor D. Haterius Agrippa (consul AD 22) described in 17 as a relative of the imperial prince Germanicus Caesar. Haterius bestowed the cognomen Antoninius on his son, Q. Haterius Antonius, the spendthrift consul of AD 53, which might imply that D. Haterius had married a daughter of Lucius Domitius and Antonia (Tac. Ann. 2.52.1, 6.4.2, 12.34.3). Domitia might still have been married to Haterius in 20, to judge from the consular year of Haterius' son Quintus". (quote from Anthony Barrett, Agrippina, p 233)

Haterius Agrippa is too close in form to Herod Agrippa to be ignored, although the precise relationship is unclear. Agrippa Posthumous (son of Marcus Agrippa) was supposedly put to death upon the succession of Tiberius in 14 AD. However, he perhaps was allowed to take on a new identity, that of D. Haterius Agrippa. Herod Agrippa I (although not likely the true son of Agrippa Posthumous) was of course a renowned spendthrift, and much to the disapproval of his elder brothers according to Josephus.

Lucius Junius Silanus Torquatus was the son of Marcus Junius Silanus (consul of 46 AD, deprived 54 AD). Lucius Junius was disgraced (presumably killed) by Nero in 65 AD, which is about the time Herod Agrippa II was deprived of his kingship in Judea/Israel.

Anthony Barrett (Agrippina, p 233) also mentions a "new man" Q. Junius Blaesus (consul suffect of 10 AD), who was the uncle of the conniving steward of Tiberius named Sejanus. (Compare Sejanus and Junius.) Junius and Sejanus were forced into suicide in 36 AD. Perhaps not coincidentally, the Herodians Herod Phillip I & II also died at that time. This Q. Junius Blaesus was the father of another Q. Junius Blaesus, who may have been married to Domitia for a time, and he was in turn the father or uncle of yet another Junius Blaesus that figured in the dynastic struggle of 69 AD. The name Blaesus appears to be a variant of the name (Rubellius) Blandus and that of his son (Rubellius) Plautus. Plautus was exiled in 60 AD and then supposedly killed in 62 AD, because he was a prominent descendant of Tiberius Caesar and Vipsania (daughter of Marcus Agrippa) and therefore a threat to Nero.

There were three princesses in the family of Junius, those being Junia Lepida, Junia Calvina, and Junia Claudia. These perhaps correspond to the three daughters of Herod Agrippa II, namely, Berenice II, Mariamne IV, and Drusilla.