... And Now for the Roman Names of Jesus

As an heir of Publius Clodius, Herod the Great was referred to as Tiberius Claudius Nero. As an heir of Mark Antony, Herod the Great was instead referred to as Iullus Antonius. Although closely related to Julius Caesar (Hasmonean Alexander II), Herod the Great was not, strictly speaking, a Hasmonean (at least not by male lineage). However, any male descendants of Herod through Scribonia (Hasmonean Mariamne) would have been well positioned to graft themselves onto that illustrious line.

The line of Archelaus of Cappadocia, which was usurped by Mark Antony through his affair with Glaphyra (the Elder), corresponds to the Roman high-ranking line of Domitius Ahenobarbus in Rome. Caesar Nero was heir to this line.

The Roman identity of Herodian Aristobulus emerges as M. Crassus Frugi. He was the Herodian Jesus Christ/Chrestus. He and other sons of Herodian Mariamne IV (Roman Scribonia, the Much Younger) would have formed the core of the infamous Piso family in that generation. Paul (Simon Magus/Tigranus) emerges as the audacious older brother of M. Crassus Frugi, namely Pompeius Magnus. Pompeius Magnus was disgraced in Rome after an accusation by Caesar of homosexuality. (Doesnt this sound familiar!) He is presumed to have taken his own life, but that could not have been literally the case if the association with Tigranus is correct.

The successors of Augustus Caesar considered the family of Junius in Rome to be the greatest threat. The Piso family of Mariamne IV/Helen was a close second, if not their equal in royal standing. The house of Junius logically corresponds to the Hasmonean side of Herod's family. The Roman identity of Herodian king Agrippa I is likely Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus. He was forced to end his life (in Rome) in 37 AD. However, he did not lose his throne in Israel until 44 AD. His successor Agrippa II (also likely a Junius in Rome) was called Yannai/Jannaeus in the Talmud. His mother, the Herodian Berenice (the Elder), emerges as Roman Aemilla Lepida, and perhaps also one and the same as Domitia Lepida.

We are encountering a number of faked deaths during this time period. For example, we must now conclude that the elder Scribonia, Hasmonean Mariamne, was not literally put to death by Herod the Great, but simply forced to give up her Jewish/Judean identity. This Scribonia was still alive in 8 AD when her daughter Julia the Younger was sent into exile. Scribonia was said to have voluntarily gone into exile with her as a show of support.

As a member of the Junius family, Aristobulus (legal heir of Herod of Chalcis) would have been called Junius (in addition to being a Frugi/Piso), and more specifically Decimus Junius Silanus. He is further to be identified with the "Decius Mundus" that cleverly took the form of a god, and whose scandalous pursuit of Paulina is recorded by Josephus immediately he calls Jesus "a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man"! The namesake of Decimus, also called Decimus Junius Silanus (probably Herod of Chalcis) was debarred from holding office in Rome in 8 AD after the scandalous affair with Julia the Younger, which led to her banishment.

We are forced to deal with the business of names, as the character Decius Mundus himself refers to it in the Josephus account. Names would have functioned more as titles and designated the bearer of them as the head of leading families and entire clans. In order to control elections in Rome, the leading men had to be recognized as heads of the major citizenry groups. Such names would have been passed more often by adoption or usurpation than by true inheritance. As such, royal genealogies can be viewed as rather arbitrary constructions.

Along these lines, I dont think we can say for sure that Caesar Augustus had no royal sons. It seems to have become common practice to claim no natural sons in order to make dictatorship more palatable in Rome. True sons could however succeed to the throne under other assumed names, that is, as the adopted sons of close relatives. Disgraced princes, such as Drusus son of Germanicus, could also later be restored and even become Caesar under an assumed name such as Vespatian: