Titan' you posted this quote, which I find fascinating;
"Herodotus. Book 4, Chapter 197.
197. These be the Libyan tribes of which I am able to give the names; and most of these cared little then, and indeed care little now, for the king of the Medes. One thing more also I can add concerning this region, namely, that, so far as our knowledge reaches, four nations, and no more, inhabit it; and two of these nations are indigenous, while two are not. The two indigenous are the Libyans and Ethiopians, who dwell respectively in the north and the south of Libya. The Phoenicians and the Greek are immigrants.."
My comments are;
Does good old Herod-otus, describe Egypt above or Libya?, or both? Are Ethiopians considered dark skinned?, and are Libyans considered as light skinned? If this same mixture includes Egypt, then do the same descriptions apply? Are N. Egyptians like N. Libyans?, and are S. Egyptians like S. Libians?, etc.
Certainly, modern considerations or more correctly "assumptions" about the racial characteristics of the ancient world in agreement with Herodotus? Certainly one might think that almost everyone agrees that the Greeks were light skinned or at least olive skinned people, with large variations, much like today. And we might consider that most "experts" might consider the Phoenicians in a similar manner?
Does he consider that Egypt was settled in the N. by Libians, and in its southern part by Ethiopians? We surely recognize that the Greek and Phoenician influence on the area was mostly confined to the coastal areas of both since their very existance there was as a result of thier sea-faring natures as well as their trading backgrounds.
Maybe we should all just try and forget anything that is claimed to be from the mouths of Herodotus and Manetheo? Could the words that we today refer to as Libyans or Ethiopians be merely a language question rather than a racial one? Or could it be of a more religious slant?
Move all of the descriptions up to the time of Alexander or better yet to the Middle Ages, and later, and certain things might become more clear?
After all; "most of these cared little then, and indeed care little now, for the king of the Medes."
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