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Re: Herod and Augustus
In Response To: Re: Herod and Augustus ()

Things a Pontifex Maximus had to do; From; http://abacus.bates.edu/~mimber/Rciv/vestalia.htm

"To be a Vestal you had to be a) patrician; b) between the ages of 6 and 10; and c) a virgin, according to Aulus Gellius. Vestals served for 30 year terms, during which they had to retain their virginity. If they didn't, the Romans buried them alive. The Pontifex Maximus was charged with supervision of the Vestal Virgins. The oldest member of the group was called the Chief Vestal. Vestal Virgins lived in a house called the Atrium Vestae near the Forum Romanum (it was connected to the Temple) and the cost of their upkeep was paid from the public treasury. After 30 years, a Vestal could, if she chose, take a nice dowry, retire and even marry. She could, however, also choose to remain a priestess. Most, apparently, remained priestesses. Vestal Virgins enjoyed great respect from Romans of every station (think of the way most folks think of nuns, for example), and in fact, wielded some political influence behind the scenes. No senator, for example, would lightly ignore the request of a Vestal to help someone out. Originally, there were four Vestals Virgins. During the monarchical era, the number was later increased to six. One a Vestal died or retired, the Pontifex Maximus chose another to take her place. In doing so he used words similar to those Roman men used when making a formal marriage offer (tu, amata, capio - you, my beloved, I take). On becoming a priestess, a Vestal Virgin was legally emancipated from her father's authority. She could not, therefore, inherit as an intestate survivor of a member of her family of birth."

And, although I gave Julius the possible title of Pontifex Maxumus he was assumed by many to be "the flamen Dialis (a priest devoted to Jupiter, who wore archaic dress and who was quite limited in the activities in the public activities in which he could partake - although these limitations didn't seem to restrict Julius Ceasar much, who served as a flamen Dialis) dressed as though she were in mourning."

Possibly we should look at the "flaman" and see what his duties were? From; http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/romrelig3.html#Cicero

"Cicero: The Flamen Dialis, c. 50 BCE

A great many ceremonies are imposed upon the Flamen Dialis [the priest of Jupiter], and also many restraints, about which we read in the books On The Public Priesthoods and also in Book I of Fabius Pictor's work. Among them I recall the following: 1) It is forbidden the Flamen Dialis to ride a horse; 2) It is likewise forbidden him to view the classes arrayed outside the pomerium [the sacred boundary of Rome], i.e., armed and in battle order---hence only rarely is the Flamen Dialis made a Consul, since the conduct of wars is entrusted to the Consuls; 3) It is likewise forbidden for him ever to take an oath by Jupiter; 4) Iit is likewise forbidden for him to wear a ring, unless it is cut through and empty; 5) It is also forbidden to carry out fire from the flaminia, i.e., the Flamen Dialis' house, except for a sacral purpose; 6) if a prisoner in chains enters the house he must be released and the chains must be carried up through the opening in the roof above the atrium or living room onto the roof tiles and dropped down from there into the street;

7) He must have no knot in his head gear or in his girdle or in any other part of his attire; 8) If anyone is being led away to be flogged and falls at his feet as a suppliant, it is forbidden to flog him that day; 9) The hair of the Flamen Dialis is not to be cut, except by a freeman; 10) It is customary for the Flamen neither to touch nor even to name a female goat, or raw meat, ivy, or beans; 11) He must not walk under a trellis for vines; 12) The feet of the bed on which he lies must have a thin coating of clay, and he must not be away from this bed for three successive nights, nor is it lawful for anyone else to sleep in this bed; 13) At the foot of his bed there must be a box containing a little pile of sacrificial cakes; 14) The nail trimmings and hair of the Dialis must be buried in the ground beneath a healthy tree; 15) Every day is a holy day for the Dialis; 16) He must not go outdoors without a head-covering---this is now allowed indoors, but only recently by decree of the pontiffs, as Masurius Sabinus has stated; it is also said that some of the other ceremonies have been remitted and cancelled; 17) It is not lawful for him to touch bread made with yeast; 18) His underwear cannot be taken off except in covered places, lest he appear nude under the open sky, which is the same as under the eye of Jove; 19) No one else outranks him in the seating at a banquet except the Rex Sacrorum; 20) If he loses his wife, he must resign his office; 21) His marriage cannot be dissolved except by death; 21) He never enters a burying ground, he never touches a corpse---he is, however, permitted to attend a funeral.

Almost the same ceremonial rules belong to the Flaminica Dialis [i.e., his wife ]. They say that she observes certain other and different ones, for example, that she wears a dyed gown, and that she has a twig from a fruitful tree tucked in her veil, and that it is forbidden for her to ascend more than three rungs of a ladder and even that when she goes to the Argei Festival [when twenty-four puppets were thrown into the Tiber] she must neither comb her head nor arrange her hair."

I hope you caught all of the details?

Number ten son!

Aga

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