Forum

Who Was Homer?

Quoting from J.B. Bury, "A History of Greece" (p 190):

"It was said, and has been believed by many both in ancient and in modern times, that Pisistratus or his enlightened son Hipparchus did a yet more important thing for the great Ionic epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. The story is that a commission of literary men was appointed to collect and write down and revise the two poems of Homer, and it has thus been supposed that it was due to the initiative of the tyrants and the labours of the learned men whom they employed that the poems were for the first time written down."

It has already been concluded that the story of Odysseus was based on the historical person of Ihtesamun son of Takelot III (Tiglath-pileser III), better known as the Nubian pharaoh Tanuatamon, and by the Greek names of Psamtik II and Peisistratus II. Recall that Psamtik II was also considered the father of his successor Apries/Ha-ib-re, one and the same as Athenian tyrant Hippias heir of Peisistratus II.

This same Peisistratus, father of Hipparchus and the more renowned Hippias (Ha-ib), is now connected with the Iliad and Odyssey! Further recall that the alias Odysseus derived from the first part of the more formal Libyan princely name Ihtesamun (a.k.a. the Sabaean vassal It'amra/It'amar listed in Assyrian inscriptions of Sargon II). The nom de plume of Homer is based on the last part of that name, Amun/Amra/Amar, fitted with the prosthetic (aspirant) "H".

Although King Homer was perhaps only an executive editor of the two literary projects, he is nevertheless credited with their production! The Odyssey then represents something of an autobiography for Peisistratus, and one likely drafted prior to his death, which it did not include.