I've been rummaging through bookstores in search of commentaries on the Iliad, Odyssey, and the Aeneid. The most interesting thus far has been the Norton Critical Edition of the Odyssey:
Included in this edition are a number of articles. One is by the translator Albert Cook entitled "The Man of Many Turns".
Another by G.E. Dimock, Jr is called "The Name of Odysseus". This article makes special note of a variant of the name Odysseus used by an ancient editor of the text. The gloss of the original text substitutued the word odyssamenos, which is very close in form to the Egyptian name Ihtesamun.
According to Greek legend, the mother of Odysseus wanted to call him Polyaretos, "much entreated". Aretus is close in form to Urda-mane, an Assyrian epithet of Tanuatamon. The maternal grandfather (perhaps also the actual father) wanted the name Odysseus, which connotes "much trouble", and is closer in form to the Egyptian name Ihtesamun. This father-figure wanted the child to become his substitute in paying for sins, both in cheating men and the gods, and perhaps also to ultimately vindicate his actions.
The article by Dimock also has a number of useful insights into the encounter of Odysseus and the Cyclops in which Odysseus refers to himself as Outis, "Nobody", in order to temporarily guard his identity/intentions and trick the Cyclops. The name of the Cyclops is Polyphemus, meaning "very famous", that is, "much spoken of". Polyphemus is the son of Poseidon, god of the Oceans.
The cosmic symbolism in the story of the Cyclops is obvious. Odysseus must blind a more powerful rival, even as one star of a binary star system typically is "blinded" and becomes a brown dwarf.
Poseidon is the equivalent of Ptah in Egypt and father of the sun-god Re. Odysseus and Polyphemus are depicted as competitors for the role of sun-god. One will continue to shine, the other's light will be put out. Odysseus blinds Polyphemus and then incurs the wrath of Poseidon. Odysseus flees to his ship, is pelted by rocks, and is nearly destroyed. The shower of rocks is symbolic of the hazards of movement in the cosmic ocean, and specifically when twin suns and their satellites interact and "do battle". (Moses, a Biblical typecasting of the sun-god also has a reputation for blinding his rivals.)
With the royal family of the period, the role of Ptah/Poseidon/Joseph was being played by Piye/Sargon. (In the Odyssey, Poseidon is said to be preoccupied in Ethiopia.) His leading son was Khualiut/Menkheperre/Sennacherib. Tanuatamon/Ihtesamun (Odysseus) would have to usurp the place of this stronger brother in order to be recognized as "the Sun". Tauatamon did in fact out-live Piye and both of his leading sons, Menkheperre and Taharqa.
Apparently other near escapes in the Odyssey, such as from the whirlpool Charybdis or slaying the "Cattle of the Sun", also reflect what was known about the saga of our Sun and solar system. However, I haven't yet come across any commentaries that specifically address that element. (Any suggestions Helge?)
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