The Aeneid Decoded

Later with the drama, here's the solution. It would be nice if more folks were getting excited about this (or at least showing it), but I'm not one to play games. Another stunning victory is there for the taking, so why not seize the day? I'd like to say this latest battle was hard-fought, but we've all done crossword puzzles more challenging than this. Of course, the impact of the solution is far more profound. It seems the resistance has already been broken and the opponent is being totally routed.

The name Aeneas/Aeneus/Aineis is a variant of Ion/Joshua. As in the name Odysseus, the name Aeneas also relates to the deity Amun. Odysseus was a transliteration of Ihtes-amun (Ihtes-ias). The Greek suffix for Amen/Yahweh is -ias. Aeneas, meaning "praiseworthy" in Greek (according to Graves) is a transliteration of Ion-ias, and the Biblical name Isaiah (a form of Joshua). Within the actual historical context, Isaiah/Aeneas corresponds to the magnate Mentuemhet. See Charts 26 & 27.

The pedigree of Aeneas is through Anchises ("living with Isis"), Capys, and Assaracus. Assar-acus is clearly an epithet of pharaoh Seti I (Biblical Jehoash), also variously called Ae-acus, Ilus, Herakles, and Theseus. The epithet Anchises applies to Ramses-Tefnakhte, who assumed the priestly identity of Piankh-Sematawy late in life. As with the epithet Nestor/Nes-Ptah/Zadok, he may have shared the epithet Anchises with his father Khaemwaset/Sheshonq V. If so, then the nickname Capys (defined by Graves as "gulper/snatcher") probably corresponds to Ramses the Great, the great usurper of monuments and glory.

Two of Mentuemhet's sons, Nes-Ptah II (Cyrus) and Osorkon V (Darius) ultimately inherited the Great Throne. In the analysis of the Odyssey, it was shown that Telemachus (Nes-Ptah II/Cyrus II), although the true son of Mentes/Mentor (Mentuemhet), was also considered a son and heir of Odysseus (Ihtesamun/Tanuatamon/(Cambyses II). The character middle-man Mentes/Mentor does not appear in the Aeneid. Instead, Mentuemhet is called Aeneas. And although Aeneas has "sons", only one is featured in the Aeneid, namely Ascanius, which is derived from the name Osorkon/Darius.

Odysseus/Ulysses is refered to obliquely in the Aeneid. Ihtesamun/Tanuatamon is not a hero in the Aeneid, but an enemy of Aeneas and called by the name Turnus ("circler"?). Turnus appears to be an adaptation of Tanuatamon (and the Assyrian form of the name, Urdamane).

Taharqa is named in passing as Tarquitus the brother of Latinus (Nimlot/Sennacherib) and as Tarquin, but as the enemy of Mentuemhet he becomes the leading character Mesentius. The name Mesentius ("invading the middle"?) is adapted from the Greek/Lydian name of Taharqa, that being Astyges (Ishtumegu) and also from his Greek pharaonic identity Psamtik/Psammetichos. It is also a transpostion of his Biblical name Manasseh. As in the Bible, Taharqa is depicted as a thoroughly godless king, who is only redeemed at the very end. The character Turnus likewise earns respect in his death.

The Aeneid culminates with a number of high-profile deaths.

-Evander dies and blesses his heir Pallas. The name Evander ("good man") corresponds to Osiris and more specifically Osorkon IV/Esarhaddon, who died from illness. Pallas, an epithet of Thoth/Simeon corresponds to Siamun/Nebuchadrezzar, who was considered a political son of Esarhaddon along with Smendes/Assurbanipal.

-Nisus is killed in an inadvisable raid.

-Lausus, the heir of Mezentius, is killed trying to shield his father.

-Turnus kills Pallas the son of Evander.

-Mezentius is put to death by Aeneas.

-Turnus is put to death by Aeneas in retribution for his killing of Pallas.

The general order of deaths and killings in the Aeneid is significant, and one key to deciphering the identities of the other characters. As shown in Chart 33, Nebuchadrezzar (Persian Bardiya) was killed by Tanuatamon (Persian Cambyses II). Taharqa had a couple of leading sons, Nesishutefnut and Ushanukhuru. Nesis-hutef-nut may correspond to Nisus, and Ushanukhuru to Lausus. After the death of his heirs, Taharqa had little choice but to concede the succession to Tanuatamon.

The end for Taharqa came when he was betrayed by one of his generals and handed over to Nes-Ptah II/Cyrus II. His death, in the Aeneid at least, is ordered by Mentuemhet the father of Cyrus II. This was followed by the assassination of Smirdis (Smendes II/Assurbanipal) by Darius. The Aeneid seems to conclude just before this last killing. The character Ascanius, corresponding to Darius, earlier in the narrative is credited with the killing of the notable Numanus Remulus. This perhaps is the epithet given to Assurbanipal, and if so, his death is displaced somewhat in the narrative, perhaps for symbolic purposes or to avoid an anticlimactic ending.

Taharqa is both the last king and tyrant of Rome (before the days of the Republic) and also an actor in the Trojan drama. Recognizing this, the identities of the kings of Rome can be solved more or less by inspection. Remus and Romulus, the twins sons of Silvia Rhea by the god Mars, are Horemheb and Ramses I, respectively. Ramses I attacked Horemheb and took the throne, which he believed was rightfully his by treaty, but reneged upon by Aye and Horemheb. The legend of Romulus may also incorporate the reign of Seti I. Interestingly, Plutarch compared the lives of Romulus and Theseus (Seti).

The next Roman king of note was the peace-keeper Numa Pompilius, a.k.a., the Greek Peleus and Ramses the Great.

He is followed by the 36-year reign of Tullus Hostilius, a.k.a. the Greek Silos/Penthilos/Menelaus and Egyptian pharaoh Piye (Sargon), who also reigned for a total of 36 years. Hostilius likely derived from the Libyan militant pharaonic name Sheshonq (akin to Hebrew Joshua/Hoshea) associated with Piye.

After him comes the 25-year rule of Ancus Marcius, a.k.a., the Greek Alcmaeon and Egyptian Menkheperre/Khaliut/Prince Har (Sennacherib), who ruled for 25 years as a deified High Priest of Amun (Biblical Hilkiah).

Finally we have the kings Tarquin the Elder, Servius Tullius, and Tarquin the Proud. There was only one king Taharqa, therefore his career was divided in two in Roman memory. The second Tarquin might also incorporate the rule of Tanuatamon (Peisistratos son of Peisistratos). Servius Tullius is the usurper Darius.

Following the tyrants are a collection of Roman folk heroes. They are in fact not unique persons, but alternate memories of the tyrants as establishers of the Republic. Brutus is Pallas (Nebuchadrezzar/Bardiya). Valerius Poplicola is Ancus Marcius (Sennacherib/Nabopollasar). Horatius Cocles is Turnus (Tanuatamon/Cambyses II). Coriolanus is Numenus Remulus (Assurbanipal). Titus Quinctius/Capitolinus Barbatus is Telemachus (Cyrus II). Lucius Quinctius/Cincinnatus is Ascanius (Darius). Appius Claudius is therefore likely the same as the consul Attus Clausus, or at least a contemporary. The Aeneid also makes Clausus, forebear of the famous Roman Claudii clan, a contemporary of Aeneas and Ascanius, and a leading general in the conflict.