Red Hot Achilles Pepper

The major eruption of Thera seems to have occurred as early as 1628 BC, so I don't think that should be a concern to us. Besides, it's looking more and more as though we are dealing primarily with Egyptian history rather than Greek, even as we were in "Oedipus Rex" and "The Seven Against Thebes". Greek peoples certainly had a significant role at the end of the Egyptian New Kingdom, but they were not the drivers but the driven.

If we continue along the lines of my earlier post, then mighty Achilles would correspond to pharaoh Siptah, whom the Bible calls Pekah (Heb. Peqach, "watch/observe (intelligently)"), and a "stump of a firebrand". He is the nemesis of King Ahaz, the Biblical alias of pharaoh Takelot III/Shabaka (Agamemnon). The young and fiery Siptah had a promising future, but was born with or developed a peccadillo - shriveled tendons of his left foot!

The Bible (2 Chron. 28) credits Peq-Ach(-illes) with the deaths of 120,000 soldiers in a single day, as well as royal persons, such as Maaseiah the king's son, and Elkanah second to the king, by the hand of his commander Zicri (Patroclus?). Pekah is also said to have earlier killed his predecessor Pekahiah, who corresponds to Seti II. Strangely, the Greek name Achilles is defined by Robert Graves as "lipless". Perhaps this indicates another personal (or family) trait, along with "watchful" eyes. (I'm straining to see any evidence of this in the photos I have of Siptah's mummy.)

Homer doesn't mention the fate of Paris. A lesser, later writer has him die from an arrow. Before the Fall of Troy, Helen has already taken up with another prince, and Menelaus must retrieve her from Egypt afterwards. The "father" of Paris, namely Priam is killed by Neoptolemus. Pharaoh Meremptah was struck down by Shalmaneser V. The Bible calls the assassin Shallum, who correponds to the Noah/Adapa/Solomon figure Pinudjem in Egypt. He might also be referred to in the Odyssey as Proteus ("First Man", e.g., Adapa). Refer to Chart 27 for the reign of Pinudjem in relation to his many rivals.

Perhaps then Paris should be instead associated with some other prince of Egypt besides Seti II, and Seti II with some other character of Homer, such as Hector who was dispatched so vengefully by Achilles.

The most urbane and foxlike of men in this time period was certainly Ramses-Tefnakhte, who later assumed the name Setnakhte ("Set is Victorious"). His son Bocchoris was killed by Shabaka. Another son, Amenemnisu, later died in a conflict with Piye. Other sons, Psusennes-Ramses III and Masaharta-Mentuemhet, achieved more lasting fame. Most notably, the sons of Mentuemhet went on to become the greatest kings of Persia, Cyrus II and Darius. [Are you listening Titan?]

Well, we definitely have a lot to think about here. If this outline is even remotely on target, then the Illad emerges as a caricature of late Bronze Age kings, particularly the late Rammesside Era kings, and is very much in the spirit of Ramses the Great's own depictions of himself on the walls of Karnak, Abu Simbel, and other monuments, in which he personally engages the enemy in battle and performs heroic wonders.

Responses To This Message

(There are no responses to this message.)