Japheth and The Apocalyse of Adam

The Gnostic book, The Apocalypse of Adam, is relevant to our discussion on Japheth/Put and the Old Kingdom. This text speaks of 12 kingdoms that will be established by the "seed of Ham and Japheth". Shem is also mentioned as a son of Ham, but his sons are not explicitly associated with any kingdom.

Logically, the first three kingdoms correspond to the Egyptian Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and Hyksos Kingdom. Solomon is included in the 4th Kingdom of Ham and Japheth, that is, the Egyptian New Kingdom according to the model offered here.

Each of the 12 kingdoms has a Messianic figure, who is typically born of a virgin or through incest or through an androgynous parent, and protected Horus-style until he can come into his kingdom. (This theme is similar to that of the Book of Revelation and the two works may date to about the same time.)

After the 12th kingdom ends, an "Illuminator" will appear with "signs and wonders", supposedly as the true seed or son of Noah, and will prevail over his persecutors. In this "13th kingdom" the sons of Ham and Japheth will be redeemed. Corrupt power of Hamitic/Japhethite rulers will cease, as well as the erroneous use of "the name". (The rise of Judas to rule in the 13th Aeon, as stated in the Gospel of Judas, seems to reflect a similar prophetic tradition.)

According to the text, the prophesy was made known to Adam by angels and then by him to his son Seth. These angels, or "imperishable illuminators" are variously named as "Micheu and Michar and Mnesinous" and "Yesseus, Mazareus, and Yessedekeus, the Living Water." (quotes from The Other Bible, Willis Barnstone, ed., pp 81-86)

Interestingly, in Herodian times, the head of the priestly house of Ananias/Annas was called the "son of Seth". This epithet was probably an attempt by the family of Philo (the Alexanders) to connect with the Gnostic/"Sethian" tradition.

See the previous posts on Japheth: