On PBS tonight there was a fascinating episode of the series Secrets of the Dead called "The Burning of Rome". It featured the theory of Gerhard Baudy that the fire was deliberately set by Christians and perhaps other disgruntled groups, and was part of an Empire-wide conspiracy to break the power of Rome. The fire occurred on the 400th anniversary of a previous devastating fire in Rome, and also at the time of the rising of Sirius (July 19th in 64 A.D.) which according to a prophesy circulating was to signal the judgment of Rome.
There is some interesting discussion on the web if your search on "Gerhard Baudy Rome Fire".
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