Who is Who?

Hi Charles,

With great interest I read the post you linked to, , although I found no actual review of "The Bible Unearthed". However, as you say, its "an excellent summary" of what you call "the present 'wandering in the wilderness' of academics, clerics and lay people with respect to the Exodus".

In the other post that you provided a link to, , among other things, you are saying: "I found the quote from Israel Finklestein (Tel Aviv University, author of 'The Bible Unearthed') amusing. He states, 'Abraham is beyond recovery. Without any proof of the patriarch's existence, the search for a historical Abraham is even more difficult than the search for a historical Jesus.' On the contrary, thanks to archaeology, we now know far more about the historical Abraham than we do the historical Jesus! See Essay #6 of my on-line book."

I cannot agree with that statement of yours! Are there really one single particle of archaeological evidence for "the historical Abraham"? Djehuti or Djehutimes maybe, yes. But "Abraham" definitely no! No matter how minutely patterned on the life of Djehuti, or who knows who, ""Abraham" of the Bible is still as ficticious as he could ever be!

One may say that Djehuti was an "Abraham" figure, or, the other way round, that "Abraham" is a Djehuti figure. But Djehuti IS not "Abraham" and "Abraham" IS not Djehuti.

Djehuti is the name of an ancient (flesh and blood) Egyptian royal person, while "Abraham" is a literary (no flesh no blood) character found in the ancient stories of the Hebrews. He belongs to the sphere of literature, not that of archaeology!

This view of mine - perhaps reconciling the views of Finkelstein and his fellow "new generation of archaeologists and historiographers" with the model of history that you are proposing here - is in no way contrary to your model, only is it clarifying a few (very obvious) things: The physical, living reality, past or present, is one thing. Literature (myth, saga, legend) is another thing. And literary characters are not real, physical, living people, neither past nor present, and should not be confused as such!

Looking for archaeological evidence for an "Abraham" or a "Moses" or a "Jesus" is like looking for archaeological proof for the existence of Peter Pan or Donald Duck!


By the way, I have recently ordered the book by Finkelstein and Silberman, "The Bible Unearthed", however it will take som time until I get it. Im eager to see what they have to say.

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