Flying James
In Response To: James and Simon-Peter ()

Blessed Charles, for he has seen the Truth. And seen an obvious thing that very few people have seen, namely that ashamed Simon of Josephus is one and the same as jailed Simon-Peter of Acts. Peter didn't escape from jail, but King Herod Agrippa (the angel?) liberated him.

And Agrippa didn't kill James, another person in another time did it. I asked where James is in that story by Josephus, if that of Simon Peter is told in it. The answer is in another section:

"And now Caesar, upon hearing the death of Festus, sent Albinus into Judea, as procurator. But the king deprived Joseph of the high priesthood, and bestowed the succession to that dignity on the son of Ananus, who was also himself called Ananus. Now the report goes that this eldest Ananus proved a most fortunate man; for he had five sons who had all performed the office of a high priest to God, and who had himself enjoyed that dignity a long time formerly, which had never happened to any other of our high priests. But this younger Ananus, who, as we have told you already, took the high priesthood, was a bold man in his temper, and very insolent; he was also of the sect of the Sadducees, who are very rigid in judging offenders, above all the rest of the Jews, as we have already observed; when, therefore, Ananus was of this disposition, he thought he had now a proper opportunity to exercise his authority. Festus was now dead, and Albinus was but upon the road; so he assembled the sanhedrim of judges, and brought before them the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James, and some others; and when he had formed an accusation against them as breakers of the law, he delivered them to be stoned: but as for those who seemed the most equitable of the citizens, and such as were the most uneasy at the breach of the laws, they disliked what was done; they also sent to the king [Agrippa], desiring him to send to Ananus that he should act so no more, for that what he had already done was not to be justified; nay, some of them went also to meet Albinus, as he was upon his journey from Alexandria, and informed him that it was not lawful for Ananus to assemble a sanhedrim without his consent. Whereupon Albinus complied with what they said, and wrote in anger to Ananus, and threatened that he would bring him to punishment for what he had done; on which king Agrippa took the high priesthood from him, when he had ruled but three months, and made Jesus, the son of Damneus, high priest."
(Josephus, Ant. of Jews 20, 9, 1)

Albinus was procurator of Judea between 62-64 AD, so James was executed in 62, and not in Agrippa times. And not with beheading, but stoning. However, another version quoted by Eusebius says that James died not with stoning but throwing from the Temple pinnacle (this reminds me the death of Simon the Magician according to the apocryphal "Book of Acts of Peter and Paul", and Jesus in Mt 4, 5-6. Any suggestion on any relation among those "flying" characters? Why were ancient Chistians so obsessed with flying from Temple pinnacle? Were all of them so depressed? :-) ). So there was always a controversy about the form of James-brother-of-Jesus' death. Not only that, there is also a great confusion with many James' in Christian tradition, while associating or dissociating them. For example, the four James' of the New Testament (the son of Zebedee, the Less, the Justus and the Brother of Jesus) and other James' from later Christian traditions (for example, there is a famous James named "James Barades", an ancient egyptian Christian monk that is one of the layers of the legend of James of Compostela).

About Andrew, I remind you, Charles, that "Andrew" is not a Hebrew name, but Greek, it is actually a form of "Andros", derived from "Alexandros" (Alexander). In those times it was usually that Jews hold a Greek alias along with their Hebrew names. Here is another Jesus' disciple who only hold his Greek alias and we don't know his real Hebrew name: Philip. Which would be his name? According to a apocryphal text, Philip was the brother of Peter.

By the way, I have found another James in Josephus' texts. In this case he is the son of Judas of Gamala, the Zelot who rebelled in times of the first census about 6 AD. James and his brother Simon were crucified by order of Procurator Alexander about 48 AD. I know some theories associating those Simon and James with those Simon and James of the New Testament. Here is the text:

"And besides this, the sons of Judas of Galilee were now slain; I mean of that Judas who caused the people to revolt, when Cyrenius came to take an account of the estates of the Jews, as we have showed in a foregoing book. The names of those sons were James and Simon, whom Alexander commanded to be crucified. But now Herod, king of Chalcis, removed Joseph, the son of Camydus, from the high priesthood, and made Ananias, the son of Nebedeu, his successor. And now it was that Cumanus came as successor to Tiberius Alexander."
(Ant. 20, 5, 2)

Responses To This Message

Andrew, the Flying Scotsman