Forum

Ptolemies and Hasmoneans

I did a little more digging today into the genealogy of the Ptolemies and can offer some refinement to the previous post:

www.domainofman.com/forum/index.cgi?read=2668

The throne name of Ptolemy Philometer was Ir-maat-en-amun-re. This would strengthen the word play between the names Philo-meter, Mithra-dates, and Matthath-ius. (The Egyptian Maat-en transliterates to the Hebrew Mattan/Mattath)

As far as the predecessors of Philometer, Ptolemy Euergetes is still a good match for Asamoneus (founder of the Hasmonean line) and Arsaces (founder of the Parthian line). Parthia was reputedly founded by Arsaces along with his brother Tiradates. As it turns out, Euergetes had a brother named Lysimachus C. This name appears to be the source of the Hebrew Simeon that comes after Asamoneus.

The Hasmonean genealogy appears to skip the disgraced Ptolemy Philopater, or perhaps merges him with the following Ptolemy, Epiphanes. Both of these kings had the same throne name. Included in that throne name is "Sekhem-ankhamun", and play on the earlier Osiris (John) figure of Tut-ankhamun. The name John comes after Simeon and Asamoneus in the Hasmonean genealogy. The throne names of Philopater and Epiphanes also contain the Egyptian work user, meaning "strong". This seems to connect to the Parthian king name Arta-banes. (The Persian Arta is roughly synonymous with the Egyptian User. Artabanus follows Tiradates in the Parthian king-list.)

I need to look into where the Ptolemies where buried, and especially Ptolemy Philometer. However, kings, and pharaohs in particular, where fond of having cenotaphs, that is, false tombs in many places that would serve as local memorials. The Modin in Israel may have been such a burial place.

One of the brothers of Ptolemy II (Philadelphius) was called Ptolemy Ceraunus. This name seems related to the Hebrew Auran/Avaran, an apparent surname of Eleazar/Zaccheus brother of Judas Maccabee.

Contemporary with the reign of Ptolemy Philometer there are a number of high-ranking princes, such as Lysimachus D, Alexander A, Magas C, Ptolemy Eupater, Ptolemy D, Ptolemy Memphites, and Ptolemy Apion. As noted before, Apion makes a reasonable match with Hasmonean Johnathan/Apphus. The heroics of Judas Maccabee might associate him with the name Alexander A. Simon Matthes/Thassi relates well to the name Lysimachus (as noted above for Simeon). However, Simon also relates to Magas (compare the Gospel Simon Magus), and to Memphites (Memphis being the city of Menes, and Menes being a form of Thoth/Simeon).

The Egyptian identity of John/Gaddis brother of Judas Maccabee is less obvious. Perhaps the Hebrew Gad ("fortunate") relates to Greek "Eu" (in Eupater, "Good/Well Father").

It makes sense that the "sons" of Mattathias involved in the Maccabean revolt were princes not directly in line for the throne of Egypt, but prominent enough to lead such a campaign.

The frequence of Osiris type names (John, Jonathan, Mattathias, Eleazar/Zaccheus) in the Hasmonean family is also consistent with Egypt of the Ptolemies. The Serapis religion established by the Ptolemies was based on Osiris. In the book of II Maccabees, a Seleucid officer jokes about tearing down the Temple of Jerusalem and replacing it with one to Dionysos (Greek Osiris). It is also known that Ptolemy Philometer was especially favorable to the Jews.

Responses To This Message

Ceraunus and Maccabee