Charles, would you consider the French custom of declaring a "King of Fools", as described in "The Hunchback of Notre Dame", as being another example of the ancient right of substitute kingship where by a substitute is punished or cruxified or scourged, etc., in lieu of the real king? Since Hugo wrote the novel in 1831, it is reported that it descibes 15th century Paris. The entire novel seems to describe very ancient motifs!
If it follows the ancient custom, then it sure lasted a long time did it not?
Responses To This Message
© Charles N. Pope, US Library of Congress. All rights reserved.