Part VI: Japheth/Put and the Old Kingdom

The most senior son of Khaemwaset was Ramses-Tefnakht, who had several leading sons of his own. Bakenrenef (Bocchoris) was modeled after Ranefer son of Nefer-ir-kare of the 5th Dynasty. Younger sons were being groomed for the roles of Teti and Pepi of the early 6th Dynasty. While Piye was preoccupied in Mesopotamia, Tefnakhte took a new name, Setnakhte ("Set is Victorious"), marched on Upper Egypt and Nubia, and declared himself the new overlord of the Two Lands. A response from Piye/Sargon was slow in coming but decisive. Setnakhte was driven into a remote corner of the Egyptian Delta and conceded the greater throne. Piye, having fully secured the role of Pepi/Sargon for himself, was then in the position to assign the role of Pepi II/Montuhotep A to his favored son Menkheperre/Nimlot.

Based on New Kingdom events, we now have reason to suspect that the Old Kingdom was far shorter and more dynamic than previously thought, and that Egyptian king-lists are every bit as redundant as those produced in Sumer. Other details would appear to confirm this suspicion as well. For example, Inyotef, called the "ancestor" in an Egyptian king-list was the son of a princess named Ikui. The mother of Pepi is generally considered to be Iput. However, she may have been confused with an early 6th Dynasty queen Ikuit, or be one and the same as Ikuit. Both were wives of Pepi's predecessor Teti.

Returning to a previously mentioned enigma, the Biblical Nimrod is said to have established his kingdom in Babylon and Agade, two locations that are more generally associated with Sargon the Great. If Nimrod corresponds to Narmer/Huni of the early Egyptian Old Kingdom, then how did the legacy of Nimrod in these regions pass to Pepi of the late Old Kingdom. It appears that Narmer/Huni, despite his inbred condition, did not die without a royal heir. If he had, then it is doubtful that such praise would have been heaped upon Nimrod in the Book of Genesis. Likewise, the memory of Shem would not have been honored so highly in the Book of Genesis. Nimrod was perhaps the only son of Cush who was obliged to revere Shem as a spiritual father, because of his role in saving the life of Cush (See Chapter 4).

The original throne name of Pepi was Nefer-sa-hor ("beautiful/perfect son of Horus"). It appears to relate him as a son or grandson of Sahure of the 5th Dynasty, and in turn indicates that Sahure was the actual son of Huni. The Greek hero Cadmos son of Agenor also had difficulty producing an heir. His ultimate successor was a son of his old age named Illyrios. Sargon claimed that he had not known his father. This means that his father died when he was very young, or that as a firstborn son of Khui/Khuit he had more contact with his step-father Uruinimgina/Teti. As heir to Nimrod's kingdom in Mesopotamia, Sargon, "the rightful king", certainly would have been aware of his true lineage.

Sargon the Great was called a second Adam in the Book of Genesis. Yet, if he was one and the same as the Mesopotamian conqueror Eannatum, the source of that nickname Adam becomes a little less dramatic. Adam would then be a play both on the Egyptian god Atum and the final part of Eannatum. The nickname of Sargon, namely Tudiya ("beloved of Ya") is furthermore also similar in form not only the Egyptian name Inyotef, but to the second Egyptian throne names of Pepi as well, that being Mery-Re ("beloved of Re"). Piye later added a second throne name, Usermaatre, which also served as his Libyan throne name. (A third throne name connected with Piye was Sneferre, perhaps an adaptation of Nefer-sa-Hor. See also Chapter 35 for a discussion of Piye's throne names and his desire to embody the totality of the god-head.)

Three generations separated Piye from his ancestor Sety I, the New Kingdom Narmer/Huni. Osorkon III who also tried to claim the role of Pepi/Sargon was (as the legal son of Ramses II) effectively only one generation from Sety I. Therefore, in this reconstruction no "dark age" in the Book of Genesis must be explained. The reign of Nimrod son of Cush is followed within as little as one intervening generation by that of the second Adam, Sargon.