Analysis of Enoch
I intend to put forward a few theories regarding the Book of Enoch. For convenience in the discussion that follows I will use “Enoch” to mean the “Book of Enoch”.
Enoch deserves a lot more analysis in my view for several reasons:
This was a popular book prior to it being denounced by the “Church Fathers”. The fact that it was suppressed suggests to me that it had something important to say or that something in it needed to be concealed - in much the same way that controversial books are quite often banned or censored (or made “unavailable”) in our modern era.
Enoch seems to have had at least three and possibly five different authors many centuries apart. My guess is that it probably originated late Middle Kingdom (c. 1800 BCE) or during the Hyksos Period and was “rewritten” and added to through to the demise of the Essenes (c. 70 CE). I believe that Enoch was controlled (promulgated might be a better word to use here) by the Essenes for most of this period.
Enoch was influential in the construction of the Bible. We see pieces of Enoch in the Old Testament and particularly in John's Revelations. I also see some Enoch in Genesis, Samuel, Numbers, Chronicles, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Matthew, Corinthians, Peter and John.
This leads me to believe that Enoch was what a modern scholar would call “reference material”. In my view Enoch could have been a major (uncited) source book for the authors of the Bible.
Now to put forward a very potentially controversial belief. Robert Feather's book “The Mystery of the Copper Scroll of Qumran” near enough proves that the Essene's copper scroll was a record of Akhenaten's treasury. So the copper scroll was an Egyptian 18th Dynasty archive (for want of a better word!). My theory then is that the Essenes of the Dead Sea were a major remnant of the 18th Dynasty of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Which leads me to another controversial position: I think that major early portions of Enoch were probably written (or rewritten) by scribes associated with Akhenaten and taken by Akhenaten's followers to Qumran where it was amended and expanded.
Furthermore, I believe it is quite likely that the Essenes were very nearly the totality of Pharaoh Akhenaten's regime even though there is some evidence to suggest that the Biblical Exodus was a dispersion that also went into modern day Yemen.
As you can see, I do not want to be dogmatic in these theories but put them forward to encourage an intelligent discussion of the real historical basis of the Bible and books such as Enoch.
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