Was Osiris a role model for Jesus?
According to E. A. Wallis Budge in The Book of the Dead :
“Osiris was of divine origin and reigned as a king on Earth; having reclaimed the Egyptians from savagery and cannibalism, he gave them laws. … but his brother Set was bent on his ruin. [Set tricked Osiris into stretching out in a coffer and then] the conspirators [sealed it] and flung it into the Nile. The coffer floated out to sea, finally drifting ashore at Byblus, where an erica tree suddenly sprang up and enclosed the (coffer) in its trunk. Isis, the sister and wife of Osiris, heard of the occurrence and travelled to Byblus in order to request the coffer. After many tribulations she succeeded in recovering it, and then hid it while on a visit to her son Horus. Set stumbled upon the coffer while out hunting, recognised the body, and cut it into fourteen pieces which he scattered. Isis now set out to recover the limbs; with the help of the gods she reconstituted the body of the murdered Osiris, swathed it in linen bandages and performed all the other requisite rites. As she fanned the cold body with her wings, Osiris revived and thenceforth reigned over the land of the dead. [The Book of the Dead by E. A. Wallis Budge; page viii].
In ancient Egypt the deceased must submit to a judgement prior to gaining “admission to the imperishable kingdom of Osiris” [Budge; page viii].
The ancient Egyptians put into place “the doctrine of the resurrection of man, which was in turn based upon the belief that the god-man and king Osiris had suffered death and mutilation, and that his sisters Isis and Nephthys had provided him with a set of amulets which protected him from all harm in the world beyond the grave, and had recited a series of magical formulae which gave him everlasting life…[Budge; page xxxiii]
Does the “ark of the covenant” = the Egyptian boat that carries the dead after a judgement based on Egyptian ethics?
“As a whole, the Book of the Dead was regarded as the work of the god Thoth, [who was] the scribe of the gods [that included Osiris], and thus [the Book of the Dead was] believed to be of divine origin; it was Thoth who spoke the words at the Creation which were carried into effect by Ptah and Khnemu” [Budge; page lvii].
“It was universally believed that Osiris was the chief of the gods of the dead …that he was of divine origin, … that he lived upon earth in a material body, that he was treacherously murdered and cut in pieces, that his sister Isis collected the limbs of his body, and by means of magical words which had been specially provided by the god Thoth, reconstructed it, that the god came to life again by these means, that he became immortal, and entered into the underworld (Earth), where he became both the judge and king of the dead … [and] Osiris neither decayed or putrefied, nor rotted away, nor became worms,… and that he enjoyed existence, being in the full possession of all members of his body. [Budge; page lxi]
“And the king, and every other follower of Osiris believed that he would enjoy everlasting life and happiness in a perfectly constituted body because Osiris had conquered death, and had risen from the dead, … moreover, for countless generations Osiris was the type and emblem of the resurrection, and relying on his power to give immortality to man …. [Budge; page lxii]
Osiris was addressed as the “ king of eternity” and “lord of the everlasting”. [Budge; page lxii]
Thoth is quoted as saying “ Homage to thee … who dost make men and women to be born again”.
The ancient Egyptians believed in a material resurrection but this evolved to become “that the material part of man rests in the earth whilst the immaterial part has its abode in heaven”. Vis: “Ra receiveth thee, soul in heaven, body in earth”.
Paraphrasing Budge: judgement of the dead person was done by Osiris supported by his “company” of other gods; those that were condemned by the judgement were devoured by the Eater of the Dead and ceased to exist, but those that were not condemned entered into the domains of Osiris, where they found everlasting life and happiness.
Responses To This Message
© Charles N. Pope, US Library of Congress. All rights reserved.