Arthur and Aurelius, Revisited

The History Channel recently aired its 2004 documentary, "The Quest for King Arthur":

According to the documentary the first historical figure of England that relates to the Arthur legend was a Roman military leader by the name of Lucius Arturios Castus, whose career was strikingly contemporary with that of Marcus Aurelius. It may be that Lucius Arturios Castus was an equestrian alias of Marcus Aurelius himself. He certainly represented the interests of Emperor Aurelius in England.

Although dismissed by historians as coincidental, the name Camelot clearly alludes to the earlier main Roman colony in England called Camulodunum that was destroyed in the Boudicca rebellion (reign of Nero). The place name of Camelot just as clearly symbolizes the persistence of Roman authority/rule in England in the King Arthur legend.

Around the time of Romes sack in 410 AD by Alaric, another composite Arthur-figure appears in England (ala Antonius Pius and Marcus Aurelius) in a father and son duo named Ambrosius Aurelianus. This period marked the decline of the Western Roman Empire and the rise of the Eastern Roman Empire under the dynasty of Arcadius (the Roman counterpart of Alaric). The name Arca means bear, as does Arthur in the Celtic language. England may have been lost to old Rome, but only to the new Rome and a new Arthur whose power was based in Constantinople.


The name Marcus Aurelius Castus in England:

Responses To This Message

ADMIN! Middle Ages & The Ring that Bound Them