Sargon Revisited

Here's a thread dating way back to the time (2005!) that the link between Sargon and the Egyptian 6th Dynasty was first proposed.

I think the strongest argument is that Sargon, other than his mention in the SKL, is not known from archaeology, only from legend. We do not have any inscriptions, monuments, etc. associated with Sargon (Adam II)! However, we do have archaeology for Pepi and for the contemporary great warrier king E-annatum in Mesopotamia. The name En-annatum son of E-annatum also corresponds well to Nemty-emsaf (Nemty ~ natum) son of Pepi in Egypt.

The kicker is Akhenaten's identification both with Khufu (the closer of temples) and with Pepi. Akhenaten named his second son Tutankhaten, which was a play on Pepi's (second?) son Teti-ankh-kem. The obvious role model for Akhenaten during this period was the Moses figure and iconoclast Sargon. However, by associating himself with Pepi, Akhenaten was apparently doing just that. In other words, Akhenaten revealed that Pepi was in fact an Egyptian name of Sargon.

Sargon, in addition to his many other roles, also played the required part of "Moses" (Re in exile), which had evidently not been fulfilled by Khufu or any other 4th/5th Dynasty king. This particular typecasting places him as a contemporary or near contemporary of Niuserre (Ny-User-Re) who played the part of Noah.

As noted in the on-line book, Sargon's career was that of the god Re in reverse. His Exodus and Exile came first, and in the opposite direction, that is, from Mesopotamia to Egypt. His apotheosis came second. It was also the hope of Akhenaten to endure a mock Exodus (from Thebes) and Exile (at Amarna) in Egypt and then be restored to sovereignty over the Empire. This actually did occur in his Year 12 and at the death of Amenhotep III. His rivals however did not allow him to enjoy that state for long. (Although Sargon/Pepi had only endured one major setback early in his career, Samsuditana/Apophis suffered through two, the worst being at the end of his career. This allowed Akhenaten's enemies to attack him in his Year 17 with impunity.)

A final clue to the actual chronology of the late Old Kingdom is that Apophis and Tao (one and the same king) of the early New Kingdom was patterned after Pepi and Akh-toy of the Old Kingdom.

Note: The association of the names Pepi/Apep and Apophis with the god Set (Seth) is likewise significant and relates to the emphasis of Seth as son of the second Adam. Recall as well the importance of Seth/Montu in the dynasty of Sargon/Inyotef.

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