Sphinx III (Queen Hetepheres)
In Response To: Sphinx I (Queen Khentkawes) ()

Khentkawes was not the only 4th Dynasty queen to closely identify herself with the Sphinx. Her predecessor Hetepheres II daughter of Khufu did so as well, and in exquisite fashion.

We should expect Hetepheres II (like Khentkawes after her) prepared a monument to herself and placed it in relation to Khufu’s Valley Temple as the Sphinx was in relation to Khafre’s Valley Temple (and as Khentkawes’s monument was in relation to Menkhaure’s Valley Temple). Unfortunately Khufu’s Valley Temple has not been excavated, so it is not possible at the time to confirm the suspicion!

The name Hetep-heres means “Horus is Appeased”. It serves to associate her with the cult of Horus and the mission of bearing a Horus figure. The name Hetepheres also relates to the Biblical name of Perez, son of Tamar and Judah. It was shown in the on-line book that the story of Judah and Tamar belonged to the Egyptian New Kingdom (18th Dynasty), but followed a Middle Kingdom (12th Dynasty) precedent. It is now evident that the original episode occurred in the Egyptian Old Kingdom and was only repeated (with minor variation) in both the Middle and New Kingdoms.

Hetepheres II first become consort of prince Kawab. Like Biblical Ur (transposition of Ru/lion/eldest son), he died and Hetepheres II then married Djed-ef-re. When he also died ala Biblical Onan without producing a male heir, another much younger prince named Set-ka became crown prince (in the manner of Biblical Shelah). However, Hetepheres II did not become consort of this younger prince but that of Khafre, a Judah figure, instead. From archaeology, only a single daughter is known to have been born from any of Hetepheres’ unions. Nevertheless, based on the importance the Bible places on Judah and Tamar, we must conclude that two of Khafre’s known sons were born to Hetepheres II.

Note: Hathor was referred to as the “daughter of Re”, but this was not literally the case. Hetepheres II was similarly identified as the “daughter of Khufu”. At issue is whether or not Hetepheres II was emulating Hathor or the other major consort of Horus the Elder, that is, the consort that bore Peribsen to him as opposed to Horus the Younger.

Note: Interesting Sphinx Page,