Roll Over Velikovsky
In Response To: Move Over David Rohl ()

I just received "Unwrapping the Pharaohs" and skimmed through it from front to back. It is lavishly illustrated and well-written. The author borrows heavily from Rohl, James, and even Velikovsky! Here's the highlights:

1) Abraham wanders through Egypt in the time of pharaoh Khufu!

2) Joseph has the Egyptian name Mentuhotep, vizier of pharaoh Senusret I in the 12th Dynasty/Middle Kingdom.

3) Moses was the adopted son of Queen/Pharaoh Sobeknefru (last ruler of the 12th Dynasty/Middle Kingdom).

4) Solomon married a daughter of Thutmose I named Nefrubity, and Nefrubity's sister Hatshepsut was the Queen of Sheba.

5) Shishak was pharaoh Thutmose III.

6) Zerah the Ethiopian was pharaoh Amenhotep II.

7) Omri and Ahab were contemporaries of Akhenaten and ruled under the Egyptian overlord Aman-appa (called Amon governor of Samaria in the Bible). The other Amarna associations made by Velikovsky are not discussed.

8) Israel is "laid waste" by Sargon II of Assyria in 722 BC, however pharaoh Meremptah of Egypt claims to have done it!

9) After Jerusalem is destroyed by Babylon, Babylon is conquered by Persia. Cambyses of Persia invades and conquers Egypt in the reign of Ramses III (who is also Nectanebo of the 30th Dynasty). The "Coming of the Sea Peoples" is not to be identified with Greeks but Persians instead.

10) Egyptian Dynasties 20-24 are parallel dynasties. And, "Dynasty 22 must have come before Dynasty 21" (p 187).

The chart provided in the book differs considerably from the one posted on the web:

The web chart places Abraham in the Middle Kingdom. It also shows Egyptian Dynasty 11 overlapping Dynasty 6. The book has Dynasty 11 following immediately after Dynasty 6 with no First Intermediate Period. Dynasties 7-10 are equated with Dynasties 15-16. The web chart shows Dynasties 21-25 as parallel dynasties rather than Dynasties 20-24 as in the book.

This is all very entertaining if nothing else. Have to give the man credit for trying and having the courage to embrace the major revisionists. His summaries of Egyptian history are quite good and the photos marvelous, however the overlay of Biblical history onto Egyptian is extremely loose. It can be considered a "straw man" theory at best.

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