Gracious Losers and Severe Winners
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The names Valentinian and Valens relate not only to their mother Valeria, but also back to Valerius Diocletian. Diocletian became the first to bow out and retire from the office of Emperor and to force his co-Emperor, Maximian, to do the same. This was supposed to prove the Empire had reformed, but is now exposed as just another refinement in the art of creating the undetected dynasty.

The heirs of Diocletian were not even considered to have come from aristocratic or equestrian families. Valentinian and Valens were passed off as the sons of a Hungarian ropemaker named Gratian! Assuming the guise of a commoner and especially tradesman was more of a rope trick, and one that went back as far as the time of Athens in Classical Greece. The likes of Diocletian and Dalmatius were no more ropemakers than the earlier Paul was a Turkish tentmaker. The world was still being ruled by a royal family and would continue to be for nearly two more millennia. (Note: Centuries later there was a St. Gratian hailing from Dalmatia.)

Valentinian appointed his own son Gratian as successor in the more convential royal manner. However, when both Gratian and a younger half-brother Valentinian II were killed, the best laid dynastic plans of Diocletion came to naught. The new power became the resurrected Constantius Gallus Theodosius Ermaneric Grumbates Kerman-shah. (Note: Grumbates is a hybrid Persian name something akin to the former general Megabates of the first Persian Empire.) Theodosius, or Flavius Theodosius as he was also called, aimed to set the Empire on solid ground by emulating the Flavian dynasty of Vespatian. Emperor Constantius Chlorus was the first to assume the name Flavius in this period, which further associates Theodosius as a scion of his line.

A prophesy of the time foretold that a Theodosius/Theodore would become Emperor. General Theodosius came from the East with Valentinian but he did not himself become Emperor. Instead he took his son with him on a successful military campaign in Britain against Picts and Scots. It was the son that later became Emperor Flavius Theodosius and "fulfilled" the prophesy ala the earlier Flavius Vespatian. (Note: Vespatian is "John son of Zebedee" in the Gospels, John being an Osiris type name as is Theodosius/Theodore. The Hebrew form of Theodore is Zabad/Zabdiel, "gift of God", and equates to the Patriarchal/Tribal name Issachar.)

Once sole ruler of the Empire, Flavius Theodosius cultivated even headier typecasting. The tragic Valentinian was looked upon as a Cyrus the Great and Emperor Theodosius/Theodorus as a new Darius the Great (Osorkhor V). This was made abundantly clear by the naming of his successor Arcadius, a Greek form of Persian Arsa/Arses (Xerxes). Ala Xerxes, Arcadius invaded the West early in his career. The capital of the West, which was now Rome, was sacked like Athens had been sacked by Xerxes, except that Arcadius was persuaded not to burn the city with fire but only take its wealth in 410 AD. And like Xerxes, Aracadius sacrificed one of his regional identities only to exchange it for another. Xerxes had killed off Leonides of Sparta. Arcadius dumped the alias Alaric the Goth, and for the same reason, as a charm/precedent to guarantee the more important throne of Persia. Xerxes quickly re-established a presence in Greece under the name of Archidamus ("ruler of the people").

Not to be outdone, Arcadius soon resurfaced in Europe under the name Merovic. (Merovic was "father" of Childeric and "grandfather" of Clovis king of the German Franks. Hilderic was also a princely name among the Vandals and a successor of Gaiseric and Hunneric!)

Arcadius had much earlier been named king of Persia by Theodosius, specifically within five years of Gratian's death in 383 AD. Gratian had been king of Persia under the name Ardashir son of Shapur II (Valentinian). Ardashir associates with the Hunnish king name Charaton. Attila was called the "son of Mundzuk", which logically refers to the elder Theodosius in a biological sense or to one of the younger Theodosius kings (I or II) in a political sense. It might also further designate him more generically as a "son of Joseph/Zadok". Arcadius became Bahram IV and was also known as Ruga (variant of Arca), king of the Huns. As with Xerxes, Arcadius was deposed in Persia for a time by a Pausanias/Paul/Gallas figure (that is, his own father who required him to share power with his brother Honorius. Honorius took the Persian king name of Yazdegird, and was actually entrusted with the raising in Persia of Arcadius' young son and future Emperor Theodosius II!).

To frustrate fate, Theodosius had crossed the typecasting of Arcadius and Honorius. The elder son was given the Horus name and the younger an Osiris, opposite of convention. The name Honorius ("strong, courageous, valorous") is synonymous with that of Valerian, an Emperor of the previous century who had been defeated and killed while trying to invade the Persia of an earlier king Shapur. Incidently, Valerian had married Pipa daughter of Attalus king of the Marcommani (a pre-German/Goth tribe). Attalus, we must suspect, was an alias of Shapur. Likewise, Honorius married two daughters (or one daughter with two names) of Stilicho (a.k.a. Attalus/Attila), but no heirs are known. Honorius as Valerian was a dynastic dead end, and perhaps deliberately made such.

The daughter of Stilicho that married Honorius had the curious name of Thermantia, a variant of Herman/Ermaneric. Because a Roman daughter was typically called by the name of her father, this further associates Stilicho with Theodosius/Grum/Constantius Gallus, and more particularly as a son of Theodosius (the Elder) and therefore a probable half-brother of Arcadius and Honorius. Stilicho has already been associated with Priscus Attalus/Attila and Constantius III.

The name Priscus related him to Prisca the wife of Diocletian and mother of Valeria. The typecasting of Attalus (as a neo-Theseus) indicates that he was in fact put forward as an heir to the "Joseph" (Diocletian/Galerius) side of the royal family, but was a natural descendant of the "Heracles" (Maximian/Constantius) branch. (Theseus, a.k.a. Ipy/Nakhtmin was heir of Huy/Aanen and Yuya of the Joseph line, but the natural son of Aye of the Judah line.) Besides the obvious association of the name Constantius (III), the name Stilicho is a transposition/reversal of the name Gallus.

If Attalus was a true son of General Theodosius and older brother of Theodosius I, then it is at least possible that he ruled briefly as a king of Persia as he did in the West as Priscus Attalus. It seems more likely though that after the death of his father General Theodosius the expected name of Shapur (III) was denied him and usurped by Theodosius I.

After the death of Honorius in 423 AD, Attalus temporarily regained the throne of the Western Roman Empire as Constantius III. Through an alliance with Theodosius II son of Arcadius, Attalus was then able to place his son (or heir) Valentinian III on the Western throne. In Hunnish history Attalus/Attila and Valentinian III/Bleda are described as brothers rather than father and son, so the relationship is in doubt. The son of Attalus was called Ernak.

Also associated with the death of Honorius in 423 AD, Arcadius and his son Theodosius II regained control of the Persian throne. Arcadius resumed his rule as Bahram (V), but with the new epithets of Gur and Onager ("Ass"). The Great Bear (Arca/Urca) was perhaps by then himself resembling more of an Old Donkey. By the mid-430's Arcadius was reaching the end of his life and rule of the Huns passed to Attila. (Amusingly, Stilicho the Vandal whose wife was called "Serena" was remembered for giving a speech at the wedding Ataulfus the Goth and princess Galla "Placida" in 410 AD. There is also record of an "envoy" named Priscus being sent to Attila in 448 AD!) Bahram (Arcadius) king of Persia was followed by Yazdegird II, whose reign matches that of Marcian (Gaiseric son of Gaiser/Theodosius II) in the Roman Empire, both ending in 457 AD. Marcian in the 1st Century AD was the heir of Paul (Emperor Galla).

Hormuz III was king of Persia briefly in 457 corresponding to the aborted rule of Hunneric son of Gaiseric in the West. By 459 AD, the former mediator and priest/pope Leo the lamb-hearted had risen to power. In Persia he corresponds to the mild-manner Peroz, whose name is a variant of Biblical Perez, son of a Lion-of-Judah. The 1st Century precedent for Leo was the good-natured priestly mediator Emperor Nerva/Josephus. Leo like Nerva was no celibate and childless priest and eventually revealed dynastic ambitions. His successor Balash associates with the contemporary Roman Emperor Basiliscus.

O.K., enough shopping already, time to watch some football!

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