Alcibiades was the student and darling of Socrates.
He became the fixation of Plato.
He would even inspire a character in Shakespeare's play “Timon of Athens”.
The experts are reluctant to translate the strange name Alcibiades. Yet, the first and last parts of the name are quite conventional. Alc/Alk means "strong", and "ades/ides" is a common suffix meaning "like/as". Therefore Alc-ibi-ades means, “Strong Like Iby/Ipy” or "Ipy-like Strength". This name is clearly designating the bearer as a new Theseus (Ipy/Jehu). What's more he is a Theseus of the line of Darius, Xerxes, and Darius II who was being grafted onto the line of Cyrus the Great. In fact his Persian name was also Cyrus.
The name Alcibiades also connoted Arsa-biades, "Blessed Arsa", a Theseus of the line of Xerxes (a.k.a. Arsa/Arses). Plutarch essentially gave us his own definition of the name in his Life of Alcibiades, which reads, "But it happened so with Alcibiades, amongst few others, by reason of his happy constitution and natural vigour of body." Alk/Alc, as noted above means, “strong”, whereas beatus was Latin for “happy, blessed”. Alcibiades connoted, at least for Plutarch, "Blessed/Happy of Strength/Vigor".
Alcibiades is a case study in how the dominant royal line took over both major and minor typologies. Alcibiades was made the heir of Pericles in Athens and was also called the son of Cleinias, a variant of Cleon (another leading Joseph-figure in Athens of the time). Recall that Ipy/Jehu son of Aye/Ahab/Creon in the 18th Dynasty House of Joseph. The natural line of Cyrus the Great was being squeezed out in Athens and replaced by a junior member of the Darius line.
Part of the typecasting of Ipy was to be Steward to a "God's Wife". Ipy of the 6th Dynasty was associated with Nitocris I. Ipy of the 26th Dynasty was Steward of Nitocris II. When in Sparta, neo-Ipy, Alcibiades, had a dalliance with Queen Timea the leading wife of Agis (Darius II) and even produced a son by her. Although Agis pretended to be angry with Alcibiades the birth would have been considered necessary and appropriate. The role model of Alcibiades, Ipy/Nakhtmin, had produced a son (Osorkon III/Amun-hirkhepeshef) by the God's Wife Karomama Mery-Mut (Nefertari), which led to a dynasty of four generations and the very founding of the Persian Empire. Something similar was obviously only to be expected of Alcibiades.
During the Peloponnesian War, Alcibiades distinguished himself as a commander, and he in many respects defined the Peloponnesian War in its vanity and futility. However, as a deliberate war of attrition, it was considered highly successful from the Persian perspective. It was only toward the end of the reign of Darius II that he directed his son Cyrus/Alcibiades to end the "Great War" by cutting off Athens and placing all royal support behind Sparta and its general Lysander. Athens was rather quickly and decisively humiliated.
After the defeat of Athens and death of Darius II, Cyrus/Alcibiades decided he was ready to make a play for the greater throne, even as his namesake of old. As Ipy had jettisoned his Amarna Period identity (for Nakhtmin), so Cyrus had no further use for his Athenian alias. Orders were given to "kill" Alcibiades while he was with his lover Timanda (a.k.a. Timea?). The body, which only Timandra saw, and which she knew was not actually that of Alcibiades, was taken privately and given an honorable burial at Melissa.
Cyrus was to march into Mesopotamia not as a Greek but as a Persian, which may have been his fatal mistake. There would have been general agreement that it was past time for the horse-won (Kassite/Hyksos-like) dynasty of the east to give way to a spear-won dynasty. This generally entailed a new dynasty arising in Egypt and with the backing of Egyptian spearmen, but Greek phalanxes would do just as well. However, by insisting on challenging the superior king under the Persian name Cyrus, he repeated the error of his Persian namesake Cyrus I (Josiah), who foolishly tried to block the advancement of Neco/Taharqa and was killed.
As with Ipy/Jehu, Cyrus would take the direct approach in his attempt to overthrow his brother Artaxerxes II. However, he did not receive the full confidence of his Greek general Clearchus and hesitated on the day of the battle in mounting the attack on the person of Artaxerxes. Cyrus was struck down like Nakhtmin when he challenged Seti to a duel. In doing so, Cyrus turned Artaxerxes into a new Seti, as well as a new Neco, and to go along with his other typecasting of Memnon/Solomon. The later figure of Alexander apparently did not have the same problem with his commander Nearchus and did not halt in his assault on Darius III. And Darius III, unlike Artaxerxes II, did not stand his own ground. Alexander also made identification with Theseus (Ipy/Nakhtmin) when he ordered his own troops to march over a cliff as a warning to a rival king.
Note: As mentioned previously, Prince Cyrus was a major pattern for the Roman era prince Archelaus/Germanicus. The name Archelaus has Joseph/Laius implication. The name Germanicus relates to the Greek Alk/Alc/Alceus and the Hebrew Gomer/garam, "strong". Compare also Arch and Alk. Alcibiades was famous for his deliberate lisping and interchanging the letter "l" and "r" for comic effect. Plutarch writes in Life of Alcibiades, " 'How like a colax he is', says Alcibiades, meaning a corax; on which it is remarked, 'How very happily he lisped the truth.' "
Alcibiades a Zebulun that became an Issachar (Zabad/Zebadiah), archetype for Germanicus.
Garam, “Stong” as in Germanicus
Alc an Arch
Arche-laus, “ruler of Joseph/Laius”
Colex and corex, the lisp of Alcibiades
Ibi-like strength. Steward of Nitocris I & II.
The next “Joseph” and the next Cyrus was to be a descendant of Xerxes.
Alcibiades as a king-slaying Theseus, dying in a duel with Artaxerxes II (as a new Seti).
Continuation of the Alcmaeon tradition
ALCAEUS: Latin form of Greek Alkaios, meaning "strength."
Alcibiades, son of Cleinias/Cleon/Creon (Ipy son of Aye)
A new Theseus.
Alexander marching men over the cliff.
Preferred direct assault, ala Jehu.
Need for symbolic death, metamorphosis into Cyrus.
Alcibiades' meaning: "Sharing in the follies of mankind which ...
Pericles’ heirs likely were produced for him?
The line of Pericles was eventually eclipsed.
Desperate for some prince to carry on his line, he was forced to adopt the sons of rivals.
Came into dispute with Pisuthnes (Nothus?) the Persian over control of Samos.
Pi-Seth-Nes, “the Seth/Levi King”.
Archidamus also sued for peace.
Darius II and Pericles II, the “bastard” son of Pericles.
Darius II “Nothus”, illegitimate son of Pericles, i.e., a son born to Amytis/Apasia to another partner, specifically Xerxes.
© Charles N. Pope, US Library of Congress. All rights reserved.