Genealogies of Shem, Ham and Japheth of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
(1 Chronicles 7:32-35; 1 Chronicles 7:19)
|Sons of Shem II||Sons of Ham II||Sons of Japheth II|
Prince Montuhotep? Sobekhotep II
(Sekhem-Re Khutawy) Apil-Sin
Warad-Sin?same as Joktan?
(true son of Ken)
father of Jephunneh and wife of
grandfather of Caleb
The five political "sons" of Middle Kingdom Shem are named in Genesis 10:22 as:
With so many powerful Middle Kingdom princes, division of the empire was probably inevitable. Similar circumstances led to the break-up of the Egyptian New Kingdom.
Amenemhet III plays the roles of both Noah and Ham in the Middle Kingdom Flood repetition. After the death of Amenemhet IV (Shem II), the kingly line reverted to that of Amenemhet III (Ham II). The following two pharaohs, Sobekhotep III and Neferhotep I, were sons of Amenemhet III. As in the earlier Flood, Shem is considered the heir of Noah after the Flood, and is considered the legal/official founder of a new dynasty ("ancestor of all the sons of Eber"). However, the natural line ("scarlet thread") was actually from Middle Kingdom Judah (Senusret III) through his son Ham (Amenemhet III), his grandson Joktan (Smenkhare) and great-grandson Serug (Hyksos king Yakub-hor).
Japhlet means "delivered." Japhlet and Lud are related. The root leudh corresponds to the Latin liber, "deliver, free, liberate." Ref: The American Heritage Dictionary. The name Lud is also related linguistically to Rad/Rud. Compare Wa-rud ("strong weapons") and the German kingly name Ludwig, "mighty in battle."
Jechubbah/Hubbah and Elam are synonymous, both denote "hidden." Likhi means "seize," which relates to the root rim ("bind, seize") found in the name Ya-rim ("seizer of/by Ya").
Pascah, Peleg and Nun are all synonymous ("divide"). Nun was the father of Joshua, which is an obvious variation on the name Dadusha.
The names Aniam and Rohgah are synonymous, and denote a crying out with the voice. They also relate to Zimri ("musical") and Hathor, an Egyptian goddess of encantations.
The names Aram and Shechem are synonymous and denote "high" as in geographic elevation.
Helem means "dream." Amenemhet III was the dreamer pharaoh who appointed the Middle Kingdom Joseph, Inyotef IV. New Kingdom Joseph, Yuya, was appointed by another dreamer pharaoh, Thutmose IV.
Hezron and Arphaxad are related names, and connote "expansion."