Living in Truth:
Archaeology and the Patriarchs

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by Charles N. Pope
Copyright ©1999-2004 by Charles Pope
United States Library of Congress
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Chart 8:
Genealogies of Shem, Ham and Japheth of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
(1 Chronicles 7:32-35; 1 Chronicles 7:19)


Shomer/Shemida
Amenemhet IV
Sabium
(Shem II)
Hotham/Helem
Amenemhet III
Sumulael
(Ham II)
Japhlet/Zophah A
Inyotef IV
Warad-Sin/Ush-piya
(Japheth II)
Sons of Shem II Sons of Ham II Sons of Japheth II
Ahi/Ahian/Cainan/Ken
Prince Haankhaf
Sobekhotep I?
(father” of
Neferhotep I)
Arphaxad/Zophah B
Prince Montuhotep? Sobekhotep II
(Sekhem-Re Khutawy) Apil-Sin  
Pascah/Peleg/
Nun/Nahshon
Dudimose/Dedumisiu
Dadusha
(father of
Reu/Joshua/Salitis/
Abi-eshuuh)
Aram/Shechem/Ram
Sobekhotep III
Sekhem-Re Sewadjtawy
Rim-Sin
Imna ("debar")
Ammi-nadab?
Lud/Laadan?
Warad-Sin?same as Joktan?
Bimhal/Jethro
(true son of Ken)
father of Jephunneh and wife of
Moses/Shamma/Shammai
grandfather of Caleb
Jechubbah/Hubbah
Likhi/Elam
Zophah A
Yarim-Lim
Shelesh/Shelah/Salah/
Ammihud/Harnepher
Neferhotep I
Sin-Muballit
(father of
Joktan/Elishama
Samsu-iluna/Illishuma)
Ashvath/Shamma/Shammai
Heber/Eber/Moses/
Auibre-Hor/Wahibre
Hammurabi
Aniam/Rohgah
Si-Hathor
Zimri-Lim
Amal/Hamul/Almodad?
Amut-pi-el
 

Note 1

The five political "sons" of Middle Kingdom Shem are named in Genesis 10:22 as:

Elam Yarim-Lim
Asshur Shamshi-Adad/
Sobekhotep IV
Arphaxad Sobekhotep III
Lud Warad-Sin
Aram Rim-Sin

With so many powerful Middle Kingdom princes, division of the empire was probably inevitable. Similar circumstances led to the break-up of the Egyptian New Kingdom.

Note 2

Amenemhet III plays the roles of both Noah and Ham in the Middle Kingdom Flood repetition. After the death of Amenemhet IV (Shem II), the kingly line reverted to that of Amenemhet III (Ham II). The following two pharaohs, Sobekhotep III and Neferhotep I, were sons of Amenemhet III. As in the earlier Flood, Shem is considered the heir of Noah after the Flood, and is considered the legal/official founder of a new dynasty ("ancestor of all the sons of Eber"). However, the natural line ("scarlet thread") was actually from Middle Kingdom Judah (Senusret III) through his son Ham (Amenemhet III), his grandson Joktan (Smenkhare) and great-grandson Serug (Hyksos king Yakub-hor).

Note 3

Japhlet means "delivered." Japhlet and Lud are related. The root leudh corresponds to the Latin liber, "deliver, free, liberate." Ref: The American Heritage Dictionary. The name Lud is also related linguistically to Rad/Rud. Compare Wa-rud ("strong weapons") and the German kingly name Ludwig, "mighty in battle."

Note 4

Jechubbah/Hubbah and Elam are synonymous, both denote "hidden." Likhi means "seize," which relates to the root rim ("bind, seize") found in the name Ya-rim ("seizer of/by Ya").

Note 5

Pascah, Peleg and Nun are all synonymous ("divide"). Nun was the father of Joshua, which is an obvious variation on the name Dadusha.

Note 6

The names Aniam and Rohgah are synonymous, and denote a crying out with the voice. They also relate to Zimri ("musical") and Hathor, an Egyptian goddess of encantations.

Note 7

The names Aram and Shechem are synonymous and denote "high" as in geographic elevation.

Note 8

Helem means "dream." Amenemhet III was the dreamer pharaoh who appointed the Middle Kingdom Joseph, Inyotef IV. New Kingdom Joseph, Yuya, was appointed by another dreamer pharaoh, Thutmose IV.

Note 9

Hezron and Arphaxad are related names, and connote "expansion."

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