Since Charles has been willing for me to share his band-width, I guess I shall just post one element that seems to promote a word that might be an "anachronism", into the world much closer to our times!
On other sites found within the Inter-Net, I have made posts concerning the apparent use of "chevrons" in a military setting in times now considered as ancient. Specifically I was referring to the "chevrons" that can be seen upon the tunics or armour in a representation of what are today called "the people of the sea", or "Sea Peoples", or "People of the Isles",that had been inscribed upon the walls of a great church? / temple at Medinet Habu in Egypt.
Reproductions of these murals in stone can be found at various sites on the Net, as well as in numerous books and magazines. Some of the representations found are better than others, but the best one clearly shows the sailors or warriors of the "Sea People" clearly depict large "chevrons" emblazoned upon what can only be described as "tunics" or "breast-plates" and showing various versions, ranging from two chevrons to five chevrons.
Below are two of the best sites I have been able to find during an Internet search on the subject;http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/rank_page/History_of_Enlisted_Ranks.htm
"Chevron" is an architectural term denoting the rafters of a roof meeting an angle at the upper apex. The chevron in heraldry was employed as a badge of honor to mark the main supporters of the head of the clan or "top of the house" and it came to be used in various forms as an emblem of rank for knights and men-at-arms in feudal days. One legend is that the chevron was awarded to a knight to show he had taken part in capturing a castle, town, or other building, of which the chevron resembled the roofs. It is believed from this resulted its use as an insignia of grade by the military.
The lozenge or diamond used to indicate first sergeant is a mark of distinction and was used in heraldry to indicate achievement."
Interestingly it seems information from the past concerning the use of this symbol seems to have come to us from a "legend!" What that legend was is unknown to me but it would be interesting to know about it.
In any case, from the above we see that it is considered that its useage is only traced to "feudal" times. So just what days were considered as "feudal?"
Now the second site;http://www.history.navy.mil/trivia/triv4-4a.htm
Chevron is a French word meaning rafter or roof, which is what a chevron looks like; two straight lines meeting at an angle just as rafters do in a roof. It has been an honourable ordinarie in heraldry since at least the Twelfth Century.” (IE, the 1300's, in Italian it is called “trecente!”) “Ordinaries are simple straight line forms that seem to have originated in the wood or iron bars used to fasten together or strengthen portions of shields. Other ordinaries include the cross, the diagonal cross or "x," the triangle, the "y," and horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines. The chevron was a basic part of the colorful and complicated science of heraldry. It appeared on the shields and coats-of-arms of knights, barons and kings.
Chevrons were thus easily recognized symbols of honor. That might by why French soldiers started wearing cloth chevrons with the points up on their coat sleeves in 1777 as length of service and good conduct badges. Some British units also used them to show length of service." (You must remember the above information, or “French soldiers started wearing cloth chevrons, with the points up.., for later connections!)
We see above a mention that the use of these symbols "has been an honourable ordinarie in heraldry since at least the Twelfth Century." The author(s) then seem to have knowledge of the use of at least some of these symbols such as "ordinaries include the cross, the diagonal cross or "x," the triangle, the "y," and horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines." during the times we now date as 1101 CE to 1200 CE! This period also seems to cover the "crusader" period as well and, at least back to the times of William the Conqueror, or about 1040 CE to 1100 CE.
We can see an example of the coat of arms of a famous French Cardinal, thus;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:COA_Cardinal_de_Richelieu.svg
As you can see, the coat has three chevrons or "three chrvronels guiles" emblazoned! Might not it make sense that an attack or crusade supported by such a powerful person might well wear the mark of the one who graced / "Graced?" the project?
Certainly we have all seen representations of the Crusader Knights emblazoned with various types of "crosses" upon their "tunics" or "armour!", but I do not know of any representations shown with the "chevron / chevronel" being apparent! But, it is obvious that I have not seen even a small percentage of the representations of knights (Che-Val-ier's) emblazoned or decorated with such designs, certainly some or many representations of chevaliers with such designs depicted upon them exist?http://flagspot.net/flags/vxt-dvc1.html#chevronhttp://www.coatsofarms.addr.com/about.htm
And, as we have seen, since the "chevron" is said to represent a "rafter" of a home or church, then "Heraldry offers a fascinating study of medieval lifestyles where we can surmise much regarding our forefathers. Historically, different creatures of nature denoted certain characteristics, and various inanimate shapes implied certain traits, historical factors or aspirations. For example, the chevron symbolized protection and has often been placed on Arms to tell others that its bearer achieved some notable feat."
We have already seen that the above sites mention "feudal times" as the period of the past whereby the use of these symbols is first apparent to us or at least, to representations of the knights / chevaliers of those times, etc. Maybe we could even consider that before vowel substitution was codified to a large degree, the use of vowels (in a language like Hebrew), was basically left in the hands of the reader or writer!
I might suggest that the reader arm themselves with a dictionary for the next part!
It is even possible that at one time and at one or more place the word might have been spelled as chav-ron; the "cha" part might well be a key? With that in mind please look at words like Chasid, chasse, chassedpot, chasseur, chassis, chaste, chasten, chastise, chastity, chasuble and even chateau?
The list of such words could even be continued including words beginning with "chat" and "chau", such as Chaucer or chaussure? Or it could be begun with words like; chant, or Chanukah, or chap, or chape, or chapel, or chaperon, or char, or character, or charge, or charger, or chariot, or charter, etc.!
Please note that any or all of the above suggestions could be applied to the life of, or the expectancy of a "Knight!"
Even in a game of "Chess" the knight is the only one allowed to jump over other pieces and even change direction while doing so! Please feel free to spend a few minutes looking in your favorite dictionary for the above words as well as other words not mentioned above as might well be appropriate?
I might well even suggest that certain well known battles were really “games of chess” played by royalty in a form of gambling! The winner took the spoils or won the wager, so to speak, without the expenditure of monies or loss of lives!
Feudal times technically refers to the "Middle Ages", so let us see what others have to say about this period of the past?
From this site; http://www.britainexpress.com/History/Feudalism_and_Medieval_life.htm
"Feudalism. The social structure of the Middle Ages was organized round the system of Feudalism. Feudalism in practice meant that the country was not governed by the king but by individual lords, or barons, who administered their own estates, dispensed their own justice, minted their own money, levied taxes and tolls, and demanded military service from vassals. Usually the lords could field greater armies than the king. In theory the king was the chief feudal lord, but in reality the individual lords were supreme in their own territory. Many kings were little more than figurehead rulers.
Feudal Ties. Feudalism was built upon a relationship of obligation and mutual service between vassals and lords. A vassal held his land, or fief, as a grant from a lord. When a vassal died, his heir was required to publicly renew his oath of faithfulness (fealty) to his lord (suzerain). This public oath was called "homage".
A Vassal's Obligations. The vassal was required to attend the lord at his court, help administer justice, and contribute money if needed. He must answer a summons to battle, bringing an agreed upon number of fighting men. As well, he must feed and house the lord and his company when they traveled across his land.
This last obligation could be an onerous one.
William the Conqueror traveled with a very large household, and if they extended their stay it could nearly bankrupt the lord hosting them. In a few days of Christmas feasting one year William and his retinue consumed 6,000 chickens, 1,000 rabbits, 90 boars, 50 peacocks, 200 geese, 10,000 eels, thousands of eggs and loaves of bread, and hundreds of casks of wine and cider.”
One must also consider that Charlemagne also had a traveling laager which followed his travels throughout his kingdom, as did Attila, Darius, and as is reported of the “sea peoples” in the Egyptian records, etc.!
“A Lord's Obligations. On the lord's side, he was obliged to protect the vassal, give military aid, and guard his children. If a daughter inherited, the lord arranged her marriage. If there were no heirs the lord disposed of the fief as he chose."
So we see that "feudal times" can be considered to have existed at least during the times of William (the Bastard) the Conqueror! It seems that "feudalism" and the "middle ages" are mostly synonymous? So, just what period of time is considered to be called "the Middle Ages?"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Ages
From the above we see that most historians consider the "Middle Ages" to have existed for about one thousand years, or from the middle of the 5th century (ca. 450) CE until the 16th century CE (1480 -1520) !
Can we consider that the use of "chevrons" as an "emblem" of a "knight" or "chevalier" as a sign of rank, might have existed during the last times of the Roman Empire (ca. 400-460 CE) or even earlier?
While I would like each of you to actually read the entire Wikipedia site, here are some words I feel need be included in this posting;
"Until the Renaissance (and for some time after that), the standard scheme of history was to divide history into six ages, inspired by the biblical six days of creation, or four monarchies based on Daniel 2:40. The early Renaissance historians, in their glorification of all things classical, declared two periods in history, that of Ancient times and that of the period referred to as the "Dark Age".
Filippo Villani first mentioned a "middle period" between Antiquity and his present when he observed in a treatise of 1382 that the islands in the Mediterranean Sea were called by different names in priscis mediis modernisque temporibus ("primitive, middle, and modern times").
In the early 15th century, it was believed history had evolved from the Dark Age to a new period with its revival of things classical, so some scholars, such as Flavio Biondo, began to write about a middle period between the Ancient and Modern, which became known as the Middle Age. It was not until the late 17th century when German scholar Christoph Cellarius' published Universal History Divided into an Ancient, Medieval, and New Period that the tripartite periodization scheme began to be used more systemically.